Ag tourism entails visiting a working farm or any agriculture, horticulture or agribusiness operation, for the purpose of leisure, education or active involvement in the activities of the farm or operation. Agritourism can include farm stands or shops, U-pick, farm stays, tours, on-farm classes, fairs, festivals, pumpkin patches, corn mazes, Christmas tree farms, winery weddings, orchard dinners, youth camps, barn dances, hunting or fishing, guest ranches, and more. Examples of Ag-Tourism opportunities across California can be found here. The University of California also has resouces for businesses interested in starting an Ag-tourism opportunity, and Fact Sheets can be downloaded at their Small Farm site.
Similarly, Eco-tourism is a form of tourism involving visiting unusual and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial mass tourism. Eco tourism may be either a destination or an experience. Some Eco-tourism businesses offer ways to restore or protect the natural environment as part of the experience.
The Eco-tourism industry in the U.S. is predominantly privately owned and locally managed. However, the U.S. government has several major land and water management agencies that support and promote ecotourism, including the National Park Service, National Forest Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management and National Marine Fisheries Service. A number of Eco-tourism destinations are also managed by state and local levels of government. In addition, historical studies indicate that nearly 50% of rural land owners permit recreational use of their land by non-family members on the nearly 60% of U.S. privately owned land.